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Thursday, 29 December 2016

Thursday; make your own foaming hand wash.






Make your own foaming hand soap. It is so easy to do. Use  any empty foaming hand soap bottle you have saved. Mix your favourite essential oils to create your own custom soap. There are endless options.

Ingredients:
2 tablespoons liquid castile soap (unscented)
1 tablespoon Fractionated Coconut oil
10 drops essential oils of choice
Water

Fill water into the soap dispenser, leave around 3 cm free o top to leav room for the foaming pump and the ingredients to be added.
Add at least 2 tablespoons of liquid castille soap to the water mixture (NOTE: do not add the soap first or it will create bubbles when the water is added.
Add the oil (optional but it helps preserve the life of the dispenser) and any essential oils if you are using them.
Close and lightly swish to mix.
Use as you would any regular foaming soap.

(Image result for what is fractionated coconut oil
Fractionated coconut oil, also called “liquid coconut oil,” fit our requirements. Basically, it is a form of the oil that has had the long-chain fatty acids removed via hydrolysis and steam distillation. Just this one change makes the oil liquid at room temperature, and extends the product's shelf life.)

(Castile Soap, Castile soap has become a household staple for environmentally conscious cleaners everywhere. It can be used to lather up in the shower or to clean away grit and grime around the house.

But do you know what Castile soap is and what makes it so versatile?

What Is Castile Soap?
Named after the olive oil-based soaps originating in Castile, Spain, Castile soap can come in liquid or bar form, but it is made only from vegetable oils no animal fats.

Like most soaps, which are on the more basic or alkaline side of the pH scale, Castile soap registers at about 8.9 on the pH scale. This is around the same level as baking soda and slightly more alkaline than mild dish soap, although less alkaline than bleach or corrosive tile cleaners.

How Does Castile Soap Work?
Generally speaking, soap molecules (Castile soap molecules included) have one end that is attracted to water and another that avoids it. When soap is combined with water, it creates free-floating charged atoms that attract and capture dirt and other types of non-water-soluble molecules.

This grease-grabbing quality makes Castile soap useful on slick oven hoods, greasy pots and pans, and hard-to-clean oily spills — and really pretty much everything else. Castile soap and water can be used to clean counters, sinks, bathtubs, floors, or toilets; it can get rid of insects that infest houseplants and can even replace laundry detergent.

Because Castile soap is biodegradable and nontoxic, it's safe to use on pets and around kids. You can even clean vegetables with it, so long as it's diluted enough.

Pro tip: Don't combine alkaline Castile soap with an acid like vinegar that you might also use around the house. The reaction cancels out the potency of both ingredients and can leave objects and surfaces with a white film that is difficult to remove.

Tuesday, 27 December 2016

Bookshelf;



The Bookworm by Carl Spitzweg 1850




India with its magical colours and gods and stories.


The secret Children is a great book to read, it is about life and death and in between the brittle weaving of a colourful tapestry sadness in the unforgivable way the English Raj treated the native people in their own country. Ts

"From the book;"   tell me the stories about India. The names you have told me so many times. Tell me about being taken by bearers to see the circus, carried high above their heads with the way lit by lanterns. And the woman with her basket of coloured glass bangles, and how they would be broken eventually.
Tell me about your mother, sad and silent with silver bells on her ankles. Tell me about the nights you would get into bed with your sister when the two of you were sent away. Tell me the stories that were told to you. The brothers who eat their sister after discovering the sweetness of her blood, the reeds that whisper her name. Tell me the stories again. I promise I will remember.

Unforgettable...

Assam 1925. In the emerald hills of a tea plantation in northern India.
Mary and Serafina born of two worlds, accepted by neither...



The British Raj , literally, "rule"  was the rule of the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947. The rule is also called Crown rule in India, The region under British control was commonly called India in contemporaneous usage, and included areas directly administered by the United Kingdom, which were collectively called British India, and those ruled by indigenous rulers, but under British tutelage  and called the princely states. The resulting political union was also called the Indian Empire and after 1876 issued passports under that name. 
This system of governance was instituted on 28 June 1858, when, after the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the rule of the British East India Company was transferred to the Crown in the person of Queen Victoria (who, in 1876, was proclaimed Empress of India). As a state, the British Empire in India functioned as if it saw itself as the guardian of a system of connected markets maintained by means of military power, business legislation and monetary management. It lasted until 1947, when the British Indian Empire was partitioned into two sovereign dominion states: the Dominion of India (later the Republic of India) and the Dominion of Pakistan.